An incumbent is a person who currently holds any elective office, whether by appointment or election. A candidate is considered an incumbent even if he or she is filing for a different elective office than the one he or she currently hold.
A non-incumbent is a person who currently holds no elective office.
A partisan candidate is a candidate running for a partisan office. A partisan office is a political office where candidates are listed by party affiliation, and voters may only vote for candidates of their same political party during a partisan primary.
A nonpartisan candidate is a candidate running for a nonpartisan office. A nonpartisan office is a political office where candidates are not listed by party affiliation, and all voters, regardless of political affiliation, may vote for any candidate for that office.
A candidate may petition onto the ballot under certain circumstances. For more information on nomination by petition, please visit our Nomination by Petition page.
Nominated by Political Party Convention or Committee
A registered voter who was not a candidate in the primary election may have his or her name placed on the general election ballot for a partisan office if he or she is nominated by a political party convention or committee.